Outdoor camping will involve a lot of problems. What are the precautions for the first outdoor camping?
It is the first time to go camping outdoors, what should a novice prepare?
When it comes to outdoor camping, many people only think about what equipment to bring? In fact, outdoor camping is not just about preparing equipment, but also needs to have safety and environmental awareness and must abide by the code of outdoor ethics.
- Practical principles of equipment: Since camping, tents, sleeping bags and floor mats are indispensable, headlights and hygiene products such as toilet paper, wet tissue paper, towels, toothbrushes and even a compressed water bucket are required. Since camping, you will need a picnic, and gas tanks, stoves, and simple aluminum pots and rice bowls are also indispensable.
As for other equipment such as hiking shoes, waterproof jackets, trekking poles, and snow cover, although they are important preparations for mountaineering, they are not necessarily necessary equipment for camping, because you are going camping, not exploring, you can Drive your car to a grass dam or a forest clearing to camp without dressing up as a snow mountain climber or cave explorer.
Of course, since it is camping, it is necessary to spend the night. Lighting equipment such as headlights and camp lights are definitely needed. Otherwise, if the eyes are blackened at night, it is not only not fun, but also there may be various safety hazards.
- Camping environment selection: For the first time camping, it is best to have an experienced donkey to go with you, so as to guide you how to choose a safe and comfortable camp. For example, many new donkeys often choose to pitch their tents on the clean river beach lawn when they travel for the first time. Although it is a very romantic thing to lie down and listen to the water view room with the gurgling water, it is very dangerous! In fact, in recent years, there have been many tragedies in which camping tents were washed away by sudden flash floods. In addition, in order to avoid the wind and rain, it is not advisable to tie the tent under the cliff, which may cause a landslide after the rain and cause casualties. It is also not advisable to pitch the tent on a raised plateau in isolation, as lightning strikes may occur during thunderstorms.
In addition, it is best to spray with sulfur powder or insecticides around the camp in summer to prevent poisonous insects from attacking. In the early morning, shoes and other containers placed around the tent should also be carefully checked to prevent insects and snakes from hiding in the cold.
- Food and water: Try to bring your own drinking water when you go out for camping. You must choose a clean water source to boil or even boil for drinking after precipitation. Don’t see the mountain spring flowing down the cliff and think it must be the clean water source of nature. Maybe you When I climbed up the cliff, I saw animal dung and even sewage from the vegetable fields reclaimed by the mountain people.
Don’t eat wild vegetables and fruits that you can’t grasp, let alone wild mushrooms. You must know that even a native mountain person can go wrong when picking wild mushrooms, and there is no chance of remedying such a mistake. And wild vegetables must also have considerable experience, especially wild celery is most likely to be confused with poison hemlock.
- Protect the environment: Try to avoid using large tools to dig soil and shovel grass, and try not to use tools such as hoes to destroy the original state of nature. Don’t pick wild flowers cheerfully when you see them, please leave them for later people to watch together, because those wild flowers belong to the public resources and do not belong to you alone.
What are the conditions for a good place for outdoor camping?
- Try to pitch your tent on hard, flat ground.
- Do not camp on river banks and dry river beds.
- The entrance of the tent should be leeward, and the leeward also considers the safety and convenience of fire.
- When camping, do not set the camp below the cliff, it is very dangerous. Once the strong wind blows on the mountain, it may blow off stones and other objects, causing casualties.
- In order to prevent the tent from being flooded when it rains, a drainage ditch should be dug just below the edge of the tent roof.
- The four corners of the tent should be pressed with large stones.
- Air circulation should be maintained in the tent, and cooking in the tent should prevent fire.
- Before going to bed, check whether all the flames are extinguished and whether the tent is firmly fixed.
- If the camp is close to the village, you can ask the villagers for help. It is even more important when there is no firewood, vegetables, and food. Close to the village is also a shortcut, that is, close to the road, which is convenient for the movement and transfer of the team.
- If it is a camp that needs to live for more than two days, you should choose a shady place to camp in good weather, such as under a big tree and on the north side of the mountain, preferably facing the sun instead of http:// huwaiu.cn is the setting sun. This way, if you rest during the day, it won’t be too stuffy in the tent.
- In the rainy season or areas with many thunderstorms, the camp must not be set up on high ground, under tall trees or on relatively isolated flat ground. It’s easy to get struck by lightning.
- Site division: A complete camp should be divided into tent camping area, fire area, dining area, entertainment area, water area (washing), sanitary area and other areas. The fire area should be downwind.
- Construction of tent camping area: If there is a tent camping area consisting of several tents, when arranging tents, you should pay attention to:
First, all tents should be oriented in the same direction, that is, the tent doors should be opened in one direction and arranged side by side.
Second, the distance between tents should be kept at least 1 meter, and the wind-resistant rope of the tent should not be tied unless it is necessary to avoid tripping people.
Third, if necessary, a cordon (ditch) should be set up, and a circle can be drawn around the tent area with irritating substances such as lime and tar outside the tent area, so as to prevent the intrusion of reptiles such as snakes.
- Build a dining area with fire: Dining is generally in the same or similar place as the fire. This area should have a certain distance from the tent area to prevent sparks from burning the tent. The best place to cook is a place with ridges and stone ridges, so that the stove can be dug and built, and the collected firewood should be stacked outside the area or upwind. It is best to have a grassy area around the dining area, and the “table” can be made of a large flat stone or on the ground. Lamps should be placed where they can illuminate a larger area.
- Construction of water intake area: water and water intake are generally located at the water source. Washing water and edible water should be separated. If it is running water, the edible water should be upstream, and the washing and domestic water should be downstream.
- Build a sanitation area: The sanitation area is a convenient place for the team members to relieve themselves. If you only stay for one night, you don’t need to dig and build a ditch. You can designate a place that is convenient for men and women. If the number of team members is large or the stay is for more than two days, a ditch should be dug.
- Construction of entertainment area: The entertainment area can be in the dining area, and it can be cleaned up after eating. If the site is large, a separate piece of land can be demarcated, as long as the site is flat.
What equipment do I need to bring when I go camping?
- Hiking shoes (adaptable, wear-resistant, waterproof, preferably medium and high to help protect the ankle)
- Lightweight sports shoes (suitable for general outings, or when driving)
- Sports sandals (can be worn as slippers, and can also be worn directly on foot in summer)
- Sweat-wicking socks (preferably made of COOLMAX material, worn with GORE-TEX shoes, can wick away sweat and prevent frostbite in winter)
- Ordinary sports socks (cotton, comfortable to wear)
- Snow cover (useful in snow or muddy roads)
- Hats, gloves, glasses
- Sun hat (round edge, baseball cap style, whatever you like, as long as it can block the sun)
- Fleece hat (mainly to keep warm)
- Thin gloves (mainly for the convenience of activities, such as taking pictures, etc.)
- Thick gloves (mainly for keeping warm)
- Glasses (sporty ones are better, the main function is to shade the sun, and they can also be used to show coolness)
Personal Gear Supplies:
- Large backpack (necessary for short-distance camping or long-distance travel, preferably comfortable and able to bear weight, ranging from 45-80L)
- Small backpack (short-distance travel or long-distance backup, there is a certain burden, ranging from 15-30L)
- Waist bag or shoulder bag (for long-distance travel, you can put small things with you, preferably the kind that can hold a water bottle)
- Camera bag (according to personal needs, it is more convenient to use the lens if you carry it crossbody)
- Sleeping bag (a small down sleeping bag should be brought for long distances to save space, and it should be brought according to the needs of the season)
- Sleeping bag liner (if you are not camping for long-distance travel, just bring a dirt-proof fleece or cotton sleeping bag liner)
- Tent (for ordinary camping, a general waterproof and wind-resistant tent is enough. If you are traveling for a long distance, it is recommended to bring a small and lightweight tent)
- Tent mats (to protect the underside of your tent from abrasion)
- Moisture-proof pads (ordinary ones allow you to sit and lie down anytime, anywhere, and air pads make you more comfortable)
- Aluminum film floor mat (lightweight and convenient to carry, can be used as a reflector for photography when necessary)
- Headlights (you can spare your hands, which is very convenient)
- Flashlight (as a backup lighting, it is relatively reliable)
- Camp lights (used in camps or tents, the effect is very good)
- Light sticks (it has a certain role, that is, don’t throw it around, it is not environmentally friendly)
- Windproof lighter (not small, good for emergency lighting)
- Waterproof matches (also for emergency use)
- Cooking utensils
- Stove (allowing you to eat hot things in the wild)
- Gas tank (use with burner, pay attention to carry safety)
- Set of pots (there is a stove, no pot is impossible, cooking rice, soup, noodles, and fried eggs all depend on him)
- Small steel cup (environmentally friendly products, you can drink anything, and can also be used as a wash cup in the morning)
- Barbecue stove (corrupt items that can be carried in self-driving activities)
Five, water articles
- Outdoor kettle (can effectively prevent corrosion, the color is cool)
- Military kettle (with a lunch box, this is more practical)
- Water bag (useful when crossing the field or traveling by bicycle)
- Insulation kettle (it is a pleasure to go out in winter and take a sip of hot water)
- Water purifier (more professional, for those who have requirements for quality of life)
- Water purification tablets (easy to carry, the water purification effect is general, but it can meet the requirements)
- Mobile phone (the most commonly used contact method, the most critical signal, often useless in the wild)
- Walkie-talkie (a very useful equipment in team activities, echoing back and forth, and also very practical for shopping within a certain range)
- GPS (Global Positioning System, professional toys, can help to locate, determine the route, prevent getting lost)
- Survival whistle (convenient to carry, can also be used as one of the team contact methods)
- Other articles
- Mountaineering tent (if used well, it can save about 20% of physical strength, and can also be used as a monopod)
- Toiletry bag (not to mention the use, just orderly)
- Personal hygiene (toothbrush, soap, towel, toothpaste, toilet paper, foot powder, earplugs, sunscreen, lip balm, heating pads, nail clippers, water purifier medicines, personal medicines,)
- Backpack rain cover (not only waterproof, but also an ideal tool for dust prevention for long distances)
- Backpack straps (can be used to fix the external items of the backpack, and can be connected as a protective rope if necessary)
- Maps (a useful tool for both long and short distances)
- Quick hanging (easy to hang small objects, towels, hats, garbage bags, etc. on the backpack)
- Compass (a useful tool for identifying directions in the field, or finding directions after getting lost)
- Sabre (I think every man should carry one, it can be used as small as peeling apples or as big as chopping down trees)
- Outdoor watch (can measure altitude, temperature, air pressure, with electronic compass, chronograph and alarm clock and other functions)
11, head scarf (can wipe sweat, but also can be used as a collar to cool, keep out the cold)
- Waterproof bag (to protect your clothes, the supplies are not wet, and it is convenient to organize in the backpack)
- ID bag (put important documents or money close to the body)
- Small telescopes (increase the reach of your vision)
- Sewing kit
- Notebook (record your travel heart love or accounting needs)
- Spare batteries and chargers (many things use batteries)
- Inflatable pillow (ideal companion for long-distance car or plane rides)
- Medicines (cold medicine, anti-inflammatory medicine, sunscreen, getting better soon, berberine, hemostatic bandages, band-aids, vitamin tablets, eye drops, safflower oil…according to individual needs)
- Spare food (compressed biscuits, chocolate, beef jerky, raisins, energy bars…)